The African mango is scientifically referred to as Irvingia gabonensis , research show that the mango has a number of benefits especially to people suffering from diabetes and obesity. It can also be used an analgesic, antioxidant, antimicrobial, and GI activity. The back, the roots, the kernels, and the roots can be used to treat a number of ailments. The mango has a number of other uses including cosmetic use, food and in manufacturing pharmaceutical products.
Clinical studies recommend that a dosage of 150 mg of African mango extract should be used 30 minutes before lunch and dinner. It is available in both powdered form and in liquid form. The recommended dosage regimens consist of 150 mg of the African mango should be used twice a day.
It is important to remember that a person with a known allergy or one who is hypersensitive to some of the ingredients found in the African mango should avoid using it. Similarly, since information on its efficacy, in pregnancy and lactation is lacking, expectant mothers and those breastfeeding should avoid the mango. Also, information on the drug interaction is lacking and thus, it should be administered with caution.
According to studies, a small number of patients who used its components showed some side effects and adverse reaction including headache, GI compliant, sleep disturbance, dry mouth and flu-like symptoms.
The African mango is easily available and can be found throughout the tropical forest of Africa but is also cultivated in both central and western Africa. The tree can grow to a height of 40 m and a mature tree has a flared base of 3m in height. The plant has dark green foliage and elliptical leaves. During the months of February and March the plants leaves turns yellow and produces white flowers. The flowers may occur in bundles or clusters later the plant produces spherical fruits that appear during the month of July to September. The tree matures and starts flowering at the age of 10 to 15 years. However, the flowering and the fruiting times vary depending on the geographical location. In addition, the tree produces extremely durable hard timber. The ripe fruit is soft and edible.
The mesocarp of the fruit has a turpentine flavor and tastes sweet with some slight bitterness. The seeds or the kernels are classified as oilseeds. The back, the leaves, the kernels and the roots are used for treatment of a variety of ailments including diarrhea and is effective in reducing breastfeeding period. It can be used to treat other ailments such as hernia, dysentery and yellow fever. It is also used to reduce effects of poisoning in some parts of Africa. The bark of the mango has some antibiotic properties that allow traditional medicine men use it to treat scabby skin. In other parts of Africa, the boiled back is used to relieve tooth pain. Lastly, the bark can be grind and the paste applied on skin to relief the pain. This and many other uses makes the African mango a useful plant.